Sunday, 19 November, 2017

World's Oldest Wine Found In Georgia

'World's oldest wine' found in 8000-year-old jars in Georgia The World's Oldest Wine Has Just Been Unearthed
Frank Williams | 14 November, 2017, 19:24

The discoveries in Georgia knock Iran off its pedestal as the birthplace of the booze-up, with its wine dating back to 5,400-5,000 BC.

The discovery, made by researchers from the University of Toronto in Canada and the Georgian National Museum, is also a fitting one. The massive jars date back to the early Neolithic period. "Wine is central to civilization as we know it in the West".

The earthenware jars containing residual wine compounds were found in two sites south of the Georgian capital, Tbilisi, researchers said.

"The Eurasian grapevine that now accounts for 99.9 per cent of wine made in the world today, has its roots in Caucasia", Batiuk said, adding that the domestication of the grape "eventually led to the emergence of a wine culture in the region".

The oldest of the jars was dated at about 8,000 years old, which makes it the earliest artifact showing humans consuming juice from the Eurasian grapes. Radiocarbon dating of grains and charcoal nearby suggested the pots date to about 6,000-5,800 BC. The findings were released Monday by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Analysis of pottery fragments revealed traces of substances such as tartaric acid, a chemical fingerprint of grapes. As far as the first fermented beverage goes, China holds that record with a drink that McGovern traced back to 7,000 BC. The shards had come from jars that were probably used for fermentation and storage.

West Bengal beats Odisha in Rosogolla war, gets GI tag
When contacted, Head of office of Geographical Indications Intellectual Property India Chinnaraja G. This marked an end to a tug of war between West Bengal and Odisha over origin of the syrupy sweet.

Georgia, which has a long heritage of winemaking, is positioned at a crossroads between Western Asia and Eastern Europe, and the grape identified in jar fragments excavated from two Neolithic-era villages is Vitis vinifera - aka the "Eurasian grapevine", from which almost all kinds of modern wine originate.

With their narrow base, the large clay pots used do not stand up easily, suggesting they might have been half buried in the ground during the winemaking process, as was the case for the Iranian vessels and which is a traditional practice still used by some in Georgia.

Apparently, there was an abundance of Eurasian grapevine Vitis vinifera around the excavation sites, given the ideal climate for their growth much like wine producing area of France and Italy today.

"We believe this is the oldest example of the domestication of a wild-growing Eurasian grapevine exclusively for the production of wine", said Stephen Batiuk, a senior research associate in the Department of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations and the Archaeology Centre at the University of Toronto.

In the world of top drops there's aged wine and then there's 8,000 year-old wine. "They have been saying for years that they have a very long history of winemaking and so we're really cementing that position".

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