The top Court also allowed an individual to draft a "living will" specifying that they not be put on life support if they slip into an incurable coma in the future.
The SC on Friday said that a person can decide when to give up the life support system and added that it has laid down guidelines on who would execute the will and how a nod for passive euthanasia would be granted by the medical board.
Passive euthanasia entails a patient being allowed to die by limiting medical intervention, not escalating already aggressive treatment, withholding or withdrawing artificial life support in cases that are judged to be medically futile.
The five-judge Constitution bench headed by the Chief Justice of India said, "human beings have a right to die with dignity". Apart from Justice Misra, the Bench comprised of Justices AK Sikri, AM Khanwilkar, DY Chandrachud and Ashok Bhushan. It also distinguished between active and passive euthanasia. The Supreme Court has a year ago found merit in the concept of "living will", also termed as "advance medical directive", paving the way for further discussion.
While the Centre was in agreement on the question of allowing passive euthanasia, it opposed the concept of living will. With the latest decision, the SC approved living will for terminally ill patients.
Secretary-General of the IMA, Dr R N Tandon said, "Just as every person has the right to life, they also have the right to die with dignity".
"A patient (terminally ill or in a persistent vegetative state) exercising the right to refuse treatment may ardently wish to live but, at the same time, he may wish to be free from any medical surgery, drugs or treatment of any kind so as to avoid protracted physical suffering", the CJI, who wrote a 192-page separate judgement, said.
In the event of difference of opinion, the patient's nominee, his family member, treating doctor or hospital staff can move the high court for permission to withdraw life support, it said.
In 2015, the death of a 66-year-old nurse Aruna Shanbaug, who was sexually assaulted and left in a vegetative state for more than 40 years, had sparked a national debate over the legalisation of euthanasia.
Bhushan Steel has an annual production capacity of 5.6 million tons, and will add significantly to Tata Steel's 13 million tons. The insolvency resolution process is now underway with the NCLT admitting the case in July, 2017.
The gold coins can be used to pay for digital purchases, at a conversion rate of 1 coin = $/€/£0.01 or 1 yen. Additionally, service items/tickets, in-game items or virtual currency do not qualify to earn Gold Points.
Members from the TDP, AIADMK, TRS and Trinamool Congress trooped into the Well, with many holding placards and raising slogans. Members from the AIADMK meanwhile sought the creation of a board to manage the waters of Cauvery river.
This photo taken on May 27, 2010 shows Chinese workers in the Foxconn factory in Shenzhen, in southern China's Guangdong province. On Wednesday, Apple also issued its conflict minerals report, which is required by United States securities regulators.
Talks are being held to offload the growing Asian business, the company's most profitable arm, The Times reported. Toys "R" Us may be planning a sad end to its toy story: the liquidation of its bankrupt USA operations.
After filing a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission , the organization sued the funeral home on her behalf. Gary McCaleb, senior counsel at Alliance Defending Freedom , said the Sixth Circuit was erroneous in its conclusions.
The ban, the most restrictive anti-abortion law in the country at the moment, passed the House by a vote of 75-34. Angela Burks Hill, a Republican from Picayune, called abortions after 15 weeks "barbaric" and "inhumane." Sen.
But the upcoming Android P release will also introduce some other enhancements, including how notifications are displayed. Google itself is calling it a baseline build, meant only to help developers prepare their apps for the full version.
But Real Madrid are sniffing around the 27-year-old amid reports that they are ready for a huge squad revamp in the summer. The best United news direct to your Facebook timeline: Like our dedicated Manchester Utd Facebook page .
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