Saturday, 18 August, 2018

Nipah Virus Spreads in India: What are its Symptoms and Treatment?

Family members of the patients admitted at the Kozhikode Medical College wear safety masks as a precautionary measure after the 'Nipah' virus outbreak in Kozhikode UAE, Bahrain caution citizens after Nipah virus outbreak
Ben Pena | 26 May, 2018, 20:45

Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes severe illness in both animals and humans.

The deaths in Kerala is the third instance in India's history of a Nipah virus outbreak, the first two times being in West Bengal's Siliguri in 2001 and Nadia in 2007.

Transmission of NiV takes place through direct contact with infected bats, pigs or other NiV-infected persons. Treatment is focused on managing fever and the neurological symptoms.

The outbreak is suspected to have been spread by infected fruit bats.

Extending a helping hand to the family of nurse Lini Puthussery, who died after contracting Nipah from her patients, the Kerala government on Wednesday made a decision to give a government job to her husband and Rs 10 lakh each to two of their children. The Team has also further fine-tuned the draft guidelines, case definitions, advisory for healthcare workers, information to the general public, advisories for sample collection and transportation accordingly.

Ebola vaccinations to begin in rural Democratic Republic of Congo
A major challenge will be keeping the vaccines cold in this vast, impoverished, tropical country where infrastructure is poor. Symptoms include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain and at times internal and external bleeding.

Bekedam said the key to stopping the spread of the disease is identifying any potential victims, testing them and treating them as early as possible. Out of the 11 deaths, eight are from Kozhikode and three from Malappuram. While cremation is favoured as the best method to stop the further spread of infection, in case families opt for burial, the body will have to be covered in a polythene bag and then put into a very deep pit.

"I don't think I will be able to see you again". Human-to-human transmission has also been documented, including in a hospital setting in India, the World Health Organization says.

Kerala Health Minister has stated that "All steps to prevent the spread of the virus have been taken, "she added, urging people not to destroy colonies of fruit bats". It was first diagnosed in Malaysia in 1988, when pigs were found susceptible to this virus-the farmers and rearers who handled the secretion of the animals eventually fell prey to the disease as well. The teams will disseminate awareness material about the virus at primary health centres, community health centres, and taluks and district hospitals. The primary treatment is intensive supportive care.

"Travelling to any part of Kerala is safe".

Even as the incidence of fresh cases in Kerala has come down, state health authorities claim things are under control and the Union Health Ministry maintains virus outbreak is a localised occurrence and there is no need to panic, fear runs high across the country.

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