Thursday, 21 June, 2018

Youth e-cigarette use up 50 percent since 2014

Free e-cigarettes do not help smokers quit, money does finds study | News-Medical Free Money Helps People Quit Smoking Easier, According To A Study
Ben Pena | 26 May, 2018, 01:32

They were put into five groups: usual care, which was information on benefits of quitting and motivational text messages; free quit-smoking aids such as nicotine patches and medicines like Chantix or Zyban plus e-cigarettes if those failed; free e-cigarettes without any requirement to try other methods first; free quit-smoking aids and a $600 reward if people were abstinent six months later; and free cessation tools plus $600 placed in an account at the start of the study that they'd lose if they didn't quit. There were 125 people who opted out, so just over 6,000 were included in the study group.

Consider a study published this week in the New England Journal of Medicine. Only 1,191 participants - less than 20 percent - remained engaged with the study (that is, they logged onto the trial website at least once). In the delayed reward group, 2 percent managed to quit for six months and 2.9 percent who were given a bank account upfront stayed cigarette-free for at least six months.

"You can't conclude that the treatments didn't work if nobody used them", said Abrams, who called e-cigarettes "the best thing that's come along in 10 years to help people quit". By contrast, no differences were found in the quit rates among participants assigned to free e-cigarettes, free cessation aids, or usual care.

But David Abrams, a professor of social and behavioral sciences at the NYU College of Global Public Health at New York University, countered that this study doesn't prove e-cigarettes don't help. "We can not detect any evidence that they are better than offering free conventional smoking cessation aids or just providing information". However, in the new study, even among these engaged participants, neither free e-cigarettes nor free cessation aids produced higher quit rates than usual care.

2 hurt, shooter in custody in Indiana middle school shooting
Eric Holcomb, who was returning to Indianapolis from a trip to Europe, said in a tweet that he was monitoring the situation. Barnes said the suspected shooter wasn't injured and wouldn't comment on whether the student had been in trouble before.

The way in which E-cigarettes have been received by the world is very mixed, some places such as the United Kingdom have regulated them placing strict restrictions on what you can and cannot buy or sell whereas some of the rest of the world such as Singapore, Malaysia, Mexico and Egypt.

Almost all e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which can harm brain development as teens grow. The Food and Drug Administration is mulling how to regulate them, and earlier this year, a national panel of experts said vaping may help folks reduce smoking but that more research is needed.

The study was led by Jacqueline Vernarelli and R. Ross MacLean on 5,293 American adults.

The authors note that actual quit rates might have been higher than reflected in the results, because those who did not report responses were assumed to be ongoing smokers. "The problem with that approach is that the money you effectively save is not very tangible", he said. This is why a team of researchers from the University of Pennsylvania have made a decision to test some of these smoking cessation methods and see which one actually works.

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