The proposed "lake" sits beneath the planet's south polar ice cap, and is about 20km (12 miles) across. "But analogous environments like Lake Vostok show us that such habitats can host hardy microbial life". Announced today at a press conference in Rome, the results are detailed in a study appearing in the July 26 edition of Science.
Scientists used radar to probe the Martian polar ice caps and have found a lake like structure just under the surface on Mars.
Whether below an Earthly glacier or a Martian ice cap, the mechanism for melting is much the same: heat trickling up from below combines with the vast bulk of an insulating blanket of material pressing down from above to form lakes of meltwater.
The team from Italy studied radio echo sounding data recorded between 2012 and 2015 by the Mars Express spacecraft.
Orosei said the scientists checked other possible explanations, like carbon dioxide ice, for the bright reflections, but those did not match the radar observations. It was home to plenty of liquid water and lakes at least 3.6 billion years ago. On top of that, the presence of salts on Mars made it ideal to keep any water liquid, even at freezing temperatures.
However, within a 20 km-wide zone a particularly bright radar reflection underneath the layered deposits is revealed.
The Red Planet was likely once rich in liquid water much like Earth, but has since become arid and desolate. The discovery is sure to intensify the hunt for other buried layers of water that might be more hospitable.
"This is now our best, albeit slim chance of discovering life elsewhere in our Solar System until the more complex missions to Europa or Enceladus, the moons of Jupiter and Saturn we also believe have subterranean water sources".
This discovery of a salty subsurface lake, on an object much closer to the Sun, and much larger than a moon, is even bigger news.
Researchers have finally found the evidence they've been looking for - a body of water on Mars.
For now, one of our most concrete ways to confirm water findings will be to send a robot to the surface to look for it.
Marsis was not able to determine how thick the layer of water might be, but the research team estimated that it was a minimum of one metre.
ESA'sExoMars rover, due for launch in 2020, will be equipped with a drill that can go 6 feet (2 meters) beneath the Red Planet's surface. For example, a radarwave that travels through rock will reflect the penetrating pulses back to the antenna more quickly than those that travel through water.
Authors of the Science paper, "Radar Evidence of Subglacial Liquid Water on Mars", include Orosei, Flamini and Cicchetti, plus S.E. Lauro, E. Pettinelli, M. Coradini, B. Cosciotti, F. Di Paolo, E. Mattei, M. Pajola, F. Soldovieri, M. Cartacci, F. Cassenti, A. Frigeri, S. Giuppi, R. Martufi, A. Masdea, G. Mitri, C. Nenna, R. Noschese, M. Restano and R. Seu.
The Trump administration recently halted its policy of separating migrant families at the border with Mexico. Numerous parents speak indigenous languages, of which there are more than two dozen in Central America.
CNN , in a statement, objected to the move, calling it "retaliatory in nature" and "not indicative of an open and free press ". The White House Correspondents Association often fought with his administration over the matter.
The last time Mars was bigger and brighter than this was in 2003, when it was less than 56 million kilometres away from Earth. And finally - the Moon is near apogee (the most distant point in its orbit) around the July full moon, Edberg said.
First, a solar wind proton approaches Mars at high speed and encounters a cloud of hydrogen surrounding the planet. Instead, they have elliptical, or egg-shaped, paths with orbits that change as a result of gravitational tugging.
Inflation hit its highest in 14 years in June, at 15.39 percent, as the weakening lira drove up food and other prices. Turkey's central bank has been hiking rates sharply in recent months in an effort to stem its sliding currency.
Nurses have warned that some hospital wards have reached more than 30C, leading to patients and relatives passing out or vomiting. Japan is now in the grips of an extreme heatwave , with at least 64 deaths being recorded in the last week.
Iowa State is making its second appearance in the tournament, while Arizona is playing in Maui for the seventh time. The brackets are set for the 2018 Maui Invitational taking place this November 19-21 at the Lahaina Civic Center .
But the deep bullpen does help take some of the pressure off the starters as the Yankees look to catch the Red Sox in the AL East. Take that game out of the mix, and Soria's allowed only 10 hits since May 21, with 31 strikeouts and seven walks in that span.
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