Wednesday, 17 October, 2018

Nobel chemistry prize goes to US, British researchers

Chemistry is the third of this year’s Nobels and comes after the prizes for Medicine and Physics were awarded earlier this week Chemistry is the third of this year’s Nobels and comes after the prizes for Medicine and Physics were awarded earlier this week
Ben Pena | 04 October, 2018, 08:43

'This work has led to new chemical tools that can be used for everything from environmentally friendly detergents to the creation of new biofuels and pharmaceuticals'.

British scientist Sir Gregory P Winter and Americans Frances H Arnold and George P Smith will share the 9m Swedish kronor (£770,000) prize, awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded on Wednesday to two researchers in the United States and one in Britain.

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Only 3 percent of science prizes have been awarded to women in science, Erin Ross reported for Axios past year.

Born in Norwalk, Ct.in 1941, Smith received his Ph.D. from Harvard University and is the Curators' Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Biological Sciences at the University of Missouri, Columbia.

- The Nobel Prize in literature has been postponed.

Arnold is a professor of chemical engineering, bioengineering and biochemistry at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

"Directed evolution allows me to rewrite the code of life and particularly to do it to solve human problems", Arnold said of her work in a video released by the National Medal of Technology & Innovation in 2013.

But even these real-world applications are only the beginning of what scientists could create using directed evolution, according to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Georgia high school football player dies after being injured during game
They may express worry or concern if separated from family members, as well as indicate a need for extra attention from parents. The mayor of Williamson, Steve Fry, tells WAGA-TV Thomas underwent surgery to relieve brain swelling and went into a coma.

"Very few research breakthroughs are novel".

Arnold, a breast cancer survivor, is the second woman to win a Nobel Prize this week.

Arnold is only the fifth woman to win a chemistry Nobel since the prizes began in 1901. "Mine was an idea in a line of research that built very naturally on the lines of research that went before". "Gregory Winter used phage display for the directed evolution of antibodies, with the aim of producing new pharmaceuticals".

He said he learned of the prize in a pre-dawn phone call from Stockholm.

She says it's hard not to dream of the Nobel, but she didn't think it was really a possibility, noting "I'm an engineer by training".

"Every professor in my department saw Frances as an extraordinary student because she was gifted in mathematical analysis, in expressing creative ideas and in her encyclopedic knowledge of molecular biology", said Jeffrey Reimer, now chair of the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering. This process works by first introducing random mutations or changes into an enzyme's genes.

Jessica Wade, a researcher at Department of Physics and Centre for Plastic Electronics at Imperial College London, was so fed up with women in the field being overlooked that she spent the previous year adding 270 Wikipedia entries on women scientists.

Earlier this week, two immunologists, James Allison of the U.S. and Tasuku Honjo of Japan, won the Nobel Medicine Prize for research into how the body's natural defences can fight cancer.

Meanwhile, scientists from the United States, Canada and France shared the physics prize on Tuesday. They were the wish of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, who established the organization that provides money for the prizes.

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