Malaria kills some 445,000 people worldwide each year, and is caused by parasites that are transmitted by infected mosquitoes.
It was carried out by Durham University, the charity Medical Detection Dogs, the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) and the University of Dundee (all UK), the Medical Research Council Unit The Gambia at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, and the National Malaria Control Programme, The Gambia.
A total of 175 sock samples were tested, including those of 30 malaria-positive children identified by the study using finger-prick tests and 145 from uninfected children.
The project to train dogs to identify people infected with malaria parasites was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation under its Grand Challenges Exploration initiative that seeks novel ideas to address global health and development issues. When the dogs failed to identify a malaria-positive child, it was often a child infected with the sexual stage of the malaria parasite, which Lindsay says may have changed the odor.
Dogs can be trained to do malaria diagnosis, which can be exploited in the future to contain the spread of the disease, according to British scientists.
Researchers believe the odor given off by the malaria parasite is attracting the mosquitoes which then spread the disease.
Big brands vow action on plastic waste We have started to see some first positive steps in dealing with the root causes of plastic pollution . When the boat is sinking, bailing out buys you time, but what you really need to do is fix the hole.
Results of this preliminary investigation, the details of which were disclosed at the annual meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene in New Orleans, suggests dogs can, in fact, sniff out the disease in infected individuals.
The team said sniffer dogs could provide a non-invasive, portable and rapid test for identifying malaria carriers and would be particularly useful in settings where there are few individuals with malaria parasites.
SOCK sniffing pooches are being trained to spot signs of maleria and help lead the fight against the deadly disease. Recent studies by other research teams have found that the skin of people infected with malaria emit higher levels of these aldehydes.
The aim is to one day use specially trained dogs at airports and ports to curb the spread of the disease. New approaches would go a long way to addressing the detection problem, and by effect, reducing the rate of malaria transmissions. However, in the future this work needs to be expanded with more samples tested from different parts of Africa.
Dr Chelci Squires, from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, told the BBC: "Dogs are actually nature's super-smellers so it is a great gift to have them".
We do not charge or put articles behind a paywall.
Malaria is a complex disease that won't be eradicated easily, even with the help of our four-legged friends.
We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us.
Trump botched some claims about birthright citizenship, such as when he said the U.S. is the only country with that law. Trump says that the USA was "going to be prepared" and that the migrants are "not coming into our country".
Quality wins are important, and now that the CFP rankings will overtake the AP polls, those are something to watch for as well. But after the rankings were released, experts and fans alike were speculating best- and worst-case scenarios for their teams.
Fatma Abu Isied said her 13-year-old nephew, Khaled, used to go to the open space along the border to catch birds. Israel accuses Hamas of using the large protests as cover to stage border infiltrations and attacks.
That could well be the biggest hurdle facing Mount in his hopes of making the Chelsea first-team when he returns from loan. Meanwhile, Mason Mount and Fikayo Tomori both started for Derby despite the fact they are now out on loan from Chelsea .
But you need to learn from the mistake. "I don't know the consequences, but we were wrong so we have to accept the consequences". He was born in 1982 and enjoyed a playing career in the lower leagues of Italian football as a defensive midfielder.
Their latest global report claims wildlife is dying out faster than ever and says nature needs worldwide "life support". The report is based on a survey of more than 4,000 species spread over 16,700 populations scattered across the globe.
In a period of only 78 days of the launch of Parker Solar Probe , the spacecraft has made history by cruising closest to the Sun. The spacecraft passed the current record of 26.55 million miles from the Sun's surface on October 29, 2018, at about 1:04 p.m.
Both players had to be separated and some police officers were seen standing guard on the court as the back-and-forth played out. Tuesday's altercation began when the two players went after a loose ball and Beverley undercut Westbrook in the backcourt.
As you collect more wandering spirit flames, which will be blue, they will start to form a chain behind you. I know what you're thinking: why would you want another way to engage with randos on the internet?
Merz promises to take Merkel's party right in Germany
The CDU and Social Democratic Party (SDP) each saw support for their parties drop by about 10 percent in both elections. Her successor at the top of the party will nearly certainly also become the CDU's next candidate for the chancellery.
Heidi Klum Reveals 2018 Halloween Costume
Every year, we sing the praises of each costume and convince ourselves it's the best one yet. Heidi Klum and her boyfriend Tom Kaulitz went as famous ogres Shrek and Princess Fiona.
Hyundai working on solar roof charging system
The Korean auto brands haven't said which models will get the solar roofs, and in which markets. Hyundai and Kia have just announced that they will be offering solar roof panels on their cars.
China reverses 25-year ban on rhino horn, tiger bone trade
Studies put the population of wild rhinos at less than 30,000, while poaching is reducing that number drastically each year. Conservation group World Wildlife Fund said the policy would have adverse effects in protecting the animals.
Bulter's late 3-pointer KOs LeBron and the LA Lakers
James is not accustomed to losing and had just talked with reporters about making the same mistakes over and over agin. They are also one of the NBA's worst defensive teams, giving up an average of 122.3 points per game.
Mac mini 2018: Apple updates Mac mini range after 4 years
It's still $400 less than the MacBook Air and $300 less than the iMac, but it's not quite as easy of a decision to buy. CEO Tim Cook revealed it's reach an active install base of 100 million Mac users, 51 percent of which are new buyers.