Saturday, 16 February, 2019

E-cigarettes More Effective At Getting You To Quit Smoking

X Common Misconceptions Malaysians Need to Stop Believing About Smoking- WORLD OF BUZZ 1 Source SAHealth
Ben Pena | 02 February, 2019, 09:21

"E-cigarettes are nearly twice as effective at helping smokers give up tobacco than other alternatives such as nicotine patches or gum", Sky News reports.

Smokers in the e-cigarette group received a $26 starter kit, while those in the nicotine-replacement group received a three-month supply of the product of their choice, costing about $159.

It all contributes to a confusing picture of what is healthy and what isn't - and comes as advocates claim misinformation about vaping is widespread and harmful to public health. Many big tobacco companies, including British American Tobacco, Imperial Brands and Japan Tobacco, sell e-cigarettes.

"Although a large number of smokers report that they have quit smoking successfully with the help of e-cigarettes, health professionals have been reluctant to recommend their use because of the lack of clear evidence from randomised controlled trials". At the end of the year, 18 percent of the vapers were no longer smoking.

A total of 8.6% reported e-cigarettes as their first tobacco product, while 5.0% reported using another non-cigarette product first (3.3% reported using cigarettes first). The results, reported yesterday in The New England Journal of Medicine, should encourage public health officials in the United States to embrace the harm-reducing potential of vaping, as their counterparts in the U.K. have been doing for years, rather than portraying e-cigarettes as a menace.

Added Weaver: "The results of this study indicate that under these conditions, e-cigarettes improved the likelihood of quitting smoking". In fact, the study showed that when diacetyl is present in e-cigarettes, it is at a substantially lower level than what is found in a conventional cigarette.

A higher proportion of those who used the devices experienced mouth and throat irritation (65 percent v 51 percent), although people using the nicotine-replacement treatments were more likely to report nausea (38 percent v 31 percent).

The report, published Friday in the Journal of the American Medical Association, used data from three yearly intervals of the Population Assessment of Tobacco Health Study between 2013 and 2016 of youths aged 12 to 15 years who had never used cigarettes, e-cigarettes or other tobacco products at the beginning of the time period.

First ‘Hobbs & Shaw’ Trailer Reveals the ‘Fast & Furious’ Spinoff
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"This is the first trial to test the efficacy of modern e-cigarettes in helping smokers quit", said lead researcher Peter Hajek, a professor at Queen Mary University of London. "There is substantial evidence that they are less harmful than traditional cigarettes, but that doesn't mean they are not harmful".

In addition, e-cigarette users experienced less severe urges to smoke, one and four weeks after quitting.

Several factors may have boosted the results: All the participants were recruited from a government smoking-cessation program and were presumably motivated to quit.

"The US Food and Drug Administration has not found any e-cigarette to be safe and effective in helping smokers quit", said Jennifer Hobbs Folkenroth, who is the American Lung Association's senior director of tobacco.

But Jordt noted that newer devices like the Juul pod have only recently arrived in the UK.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more about e-cigarettes and teenagers. The other thing it does is show that the magnitude of risk is even higher for those at low risk for using cigarettes.

"We need more studies about their safety profile, and I don't think anyone should be changing practice based on one study", said Belinda Borrelli, a psychologist specializing in smoking cessation at Boston University. The researchers said one reason e-cigarettes were found to be more effective may be that they allow for better tuning of nicotine doses to individual needs.

Because of the nature of the treatments, it wasn't possible to disguise from people whether they were using e-cigarettes or NRT products.

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